英文作文想拿高分,開頭、結尾就這樣寫!|HiTutor線上外語家教 學習補給站|HiTutor線上外語家教

英文作文想拿高分,開頭、結尾就這樣寫!

一、 「開頭」萬能公式

(1) 名人名言:
有人問「我沒有記英文諺語、名言佳句,怎麼辦?尤其是英語名言?」
這很好辦:編就對了!
我們看到的東西很多都是創造出來的,包括我們欣賞的英文文章也是,所以就大膽地寫吧!但是一定要聽起來很有道理哦!

經典英文作文句型:
A proverb says, “ You are only young once.” (適用於已記住的名言)
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (適用於自編名言)

更多經典句型:As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

(2) 數字統計原理:
要想英文作文更有說服力,就應該用實際的數字來說明。原則上,在議論文當中很不應該出現虛假數字的,所以不妨試用下面的英文句型:
According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

看起來這個數字文謅謅的,其實都是編造出來的,下面隨便幾個題目我們都可以這樣編造:
Honesty根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,大學生向老師請假的理由當中78%都是假的。
Travel by Bike根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,85%的人在近距離旅行的時候首選的交通工具是自行車。Youth根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,在某個大學,學生的課餘時間的70%都是在休閒娛樂。

更多句型:A recent statistics shows that…

 

二、 「結尾」萬能公式

(1) 
英文作文結論說完了,畢竟要歸納一番,相信各位都有這樣的經歷,寫了長篇大論,到最後終於冒出個「總而言之」之類的話。

也就是說,英文作文開頭再好,也必然要有一個精彩的結尾,讓讀者眼前一亮,這樣,你就可以在英文作文拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
Obviously(此為過渡片語), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

如果讀者很難「顯而見之」,但說無妨,就當讀者的眼光太淺罷了!
更多過渡片語:To sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
更多句型:Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

(2)
英文作文中,如果說「如此結論」是結尾最沒用的廢話,那麼「如此建議」應該是最有價值的廢話了,因為這雖然也是英文作文中的廢話,但是卻用了一個很經典的虛擬語氣的英文句型:
Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
這兒的虛擬語氣用得很經典,因為主考官本來經常考這個英文句型,而如果我們自己寫出來,你說主考官會怎麼想呢?

更多句型:
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken. 
Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

三、 文章主體段落三大殺手鐧

(1) 舉實例: 
思維短路,舉實例!提出一個觀點,舉實例!提出一個方案,舉實例!任何情況下,只要我們無法繼續文章,不管三七二十一,儘管舉例子!
In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colors, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they film him or her.

更多句型:To take…as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

(2) 做比較:
寫完一個要點,比較與之相似的;又寫完一個要點,再比較與之相反的;世界上沒有同樣的指紋,沒有相同的樹葉,文章亦同,只有通過比較,你才會發現二者的相同點(through comparison)和不同點(through contrast)。下面是一些英文片語:

〔相似的比較〕in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
〔相反的比較〕on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with…

(3) 換言之 :
沒話說了,可換一句話再說,讓你的英文文章再多一些字,或者是讓讀者更充分的理解你的觀點。實際就是重複重複再重複!下面的句子實際上就三個字。
I love you! I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you. I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.

或者上面我們舉過的英文短句例子:I cannot bear it.
可以用英文片語表達:I cannot put up with it.
因此可說:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.

更多英文片語:In more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply


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