【英語學習】面試工作時穿名牌更能幫你贏得工作嗎? 學習補給站|Hi家教線上外語專家

【英語學習】面試工作時穿名牌更能幫你贏得工作嗎?

Imagine this: You’re interviewing two people for a job. They’re equally competent, capable, and qualified—but you can see that one is wearing an outfit from H&M and the other’s clothes are clearly from Louis Vuitton. Which candidate will you hire?

想像一下:你正在面試兩位應徵者,他們都很有競爭力,資歷不相上下,但你明顯可以看出一位穿著H&M的衣服,另一位身穿LV的衣服。你會錄取哪一位呢?

 

A new study in the Journal of Business Research suggests you’re more likely to choose the latter. Surveying students at a large urban university in Seoul, South Korea, researchers from Yonsei University and Coastal Carolina University examined how we react to others depending on the brands they’re wearing. To do so, they tested several scenarios of someone wearing a luxury brand logo, a logo from a non-luxury brand, or no logo. They found that in nearly every situation, people gave preferential treatment to the person wearing the luxury logo.

來自《商業研究雜誌》的一項新研究表明你很有可能會選擇後者。來自韓國延世大學和美國卡羅萊納海岸大學的研究者通過對位於韓國首爾市區的大學生的調查,來測試人們對於身穿不同品牌的人有怎樣的反應。採用這種方法,他們在不同場景下分別測試人們了對於身穿名牌的人,身穿普通品牌的人和身穿無品牌衣服的人的反應。他們發現幾乎在每一種情況下,人們對身著名牌服飾的人會更加友好的對待。

 

The researchers call this effect an example of costly signaling theory, which says that people show off to “signal” to others that they can afford to do so. In the case of luxury brands, the theory predicts that people wear expensive clothing to flaunt that they can afford it, thereby increasing their status in the eyes of others.

研究者管這種效應叫做消費價值信號理論,意思是這些人在展示一種“信號”告訴其他人他們可以買得起名牌。這一理論指出,身著名牌的人通過自己身穿的衣服來誇耀自己買得起名牌,進而提高他們在別人眼中的地位。

 

But this doesn’t necessarily mean you should rush out and splurge on Gucci shoes before your next job interview. The researchers caution that several additional factors are at work.

但這並不是說你需要馬上衝出去,在你下一個工作面試前血拼一雙Gucci的鞋子並穿上。研究者在工作中也注意到一些其他附加因素。

 

For one, the observer must recognize the brand logo without assistance. If the wearer has to point out what she’s wearing, the effect is destroyed. And, of course, the observer must know the brand to recognize it in the first place.

例如,觀察者需要在沒有任何説明的情況下認出品牌標誌。如果需要穿衣者自己說出她穿的是什麼牌子的衣服,則完全達不到效果。同樣,當然,觀察者需要第一時間認出是什麼牌子。

 

For another, how someone wears the brand matters. The researchers say that a gaudy outfit will probably backfire with wealthy observers. Wealthy people tend to value subtlety in showing one’s social standing, viewing “loud” displays of clothing as being in bad taste. Cheaper designer items cater to the opposite impulse, often featuring large logos that allow their purchasers to conspicuously show off the brand.

另外,穿什麼牌子到底有多重要。研究者稱一件華而不實的名牌服裝可能對於富人觀察員並沒有特別好的效果。富人會更加傾向於巧妙的表現自己的社會地位,身穿名牌出來則是會被看成是品味差。低廉設計的品牌則正好相反,他們經常在衣服上印上很大的標誌,讓他們的購買者肆無忌憚的展示他們的品牌。

 

The hiring process is known to be fraught with biases—now it seems we can add fashion to the list too.

求職的過程總是被認為充滿偏見—而如今我們可以再多加上一項,因為連時尚都排進名單裡了。